Italy's next miracle passes by the "locomotive" Mezzogiorno

A work on the South of Italy by the Observatory of Banks and Businesses of Economy and Finance (OBI)


The Observatory of Banks and Businesses of Economy and Finance (OBI) of Bari together with the Alliance of Southern Institutes (AIM) of which it is an active member together with other Associations, has promoted and launched the idea of a policy document on Southern Italy, editing a first edition, at a time of great difficulty in the country following the coronavirus epidemic. On these issues, the Observatory had already experimented, in recent times, with the publication of a book published by Rubbettino at the end of 2019 entitled "Mezzogiorno in Progress? We are not Southerners", with the collaboration of 60 authors including entrepreneurs, academics, economists, social workers. The aim of the research, emblematically represented by the phrase "we are not Southerners", was to propose with a critical and pragmatic spirit, integrated development issues at national and European level.


This work was presented in Brussels on February 5, 2020 at the European Parliament and determined the birth of a "building site" named after the book " South in progress" open to all scientific, professional and experienced collaborations to contribute to development processes. The elaboration of a collective thought and action starting from cultural and geographically different individualities, which ethically recognize themselves in a common project, while respecting individuality, is the greatest contribution that the authors intend to give to the creation of a virtuous path of social, civil and economic cohesion of the South and the whole country.


All flights to Olbia in summer 2020

International routes: those with Munich, London Gatwick and Amsterdam are the most popular


The international isolation of Olbia airport - already partially interrupted by private jets - ends today with the first commercial flight arriving from Munich, historically the foreign route with the highest number of passengers (102 thousand in 2019).  In fact, the ban on international air connections imposed by the Coronavirus has fallen at midnight, and Gallura, with its entire production system, is reopening to European markets, both incoming and outgoing.

Flights to Olbia in the summer of 2020 touch 15 European countries and 63 destinations, but they will have to be checked day by day, by consulting the airport site and the airlines' sites: the uncertainty linked to the virus is causing numerous cancellations, also on routes to Sardinia. Let's see in detail the flight network. Let's start from those of territorial continuity with the airports of Rome Fiumicino and Milan Malpesa (Linate is still closed); the service is guaranteed by Alitalia (in John Karraca's photo a plane in Olbia). Between Olbia and Rome there are currently four flights (round trip). They will become eight a day in July and August; they will drop to six in September; in October there will be four. Between Olbia and Malpensa there are currently six flights (round trip). They will become ten a day in July and August; in September they will be six again; in October they will be four. 


Now let's see Olbia's international flights, starting today, and the other domestic routes. The country most connected with the Costa Smeralda airport is Germany, followed by France, Switzerland and Great Britain. This is the list of the routes.

From 25 June. Flight from Monaco by Eurowings.

From 26 June. Flight from Paris Orly of Transavia.

From 27 June. Flights from Düsseldorf (Eurowings), Hannover (Condor), Stuttgart (Eurowings), Genoa (Volotea) and Verona (Neos).

From 28 June. Flights from Hamburg (Eurowings), Luxembourg (Luxair) and Zurich (Edelweiss).

From 1 July. Flights from Berlin (Condor), Düsseldorf (Condor), Salzburg (Eurowings) and Trieste (Alitalia). Flights from Cologne (Eurowings), Copenhagen (Sas), Munich (Condor), Oslo (Sas), Prague (Smartwings) have been included in the timetable but are currently not operational.

Since 3 July. Flights from Amsterdam (Transavia), Ancona (Volotea), Bari (Volotea), Basel (easyJet), Berlin (easyJet), Bologna (Volotea), Nantes (Volotea), Naples (easyJet), Palermo (Volotea), Pisa (Volotea). Flights from Nice (easyJet) and Strasbourg (Volotea) have been included in the timetable but are currently non-operational.

Since 4 July. Flights from Bologna (Alitalia), Frankfurt (Lufthansa and Condor), Genoa (Alitalia), Geneva (easyJet and Swiss), Munich (Lufthansa and Air Dolomiti), Paris De Gaulle (Air France), Pisa (Volotea), Venice (easyJet), Verona (Alitaloia), Zurich (Helvetic).

From 8 July. Flights from Amsterdam (easyJet). The flight from London Luton (easyJet) has been included in the timetable but is not operational at the moment.

From 17 July. Flight from Barcelona (Vueling).

From 18 July. Flight from London Heathrow (British Airways).

From 21 July. Flight from Paris Orly (easyJet).

From 1 August. Flights from Lyon (easyJet), London Gatwick (easyJet), Manchester (easyJet), Moscow (S7 Airlines), Paris De Gaulle (easyJet), Vienna (Austrian).

From 3 August. Flights from Bordeaux (easyJet) and Nice (easyJet).

From 4 August. Flights from Bristol (easyJet), Toulouse (easyJet) and Zurich (Helvetic).

From 5 September. Flight from Stockholm (Norwegian).

A million and a half foreigners. Now let us analyze where the passengers come from and which months are most interested in the flows. In 2019 - as we read in the recent Enac report - the Olbia-Costa Smeralda airport recorded 2 million 960 thousand passengers, consolidating its position as Sardinia's second largest passenger airport. Like Cipnes Gallura we have analyzed all the data to provide companies with a complete picture of an infrastructure that is fundamental for the economic system of North-East Sardinia. There were 2 million 900 thousand passengers on scheduled and charter flights, including 1 million 390 thousand Italians (47% of the total) and 1 million 545 thousand international (53%). Going into even more detail, the passengers arriving in Olbia were 1 million 460 thousand of which 690 thousand Italian and 768 thousand international.

Data on flights by private jets were also interesting. The passengers of the airtaxis were over 17 thousand and those of the general aviation 7500. The movements (arrivals and departures) of the latter item were almost 34 thousand.

In August over 600 thousand passengers. As regards the number of passengers per month at Olbia airport, in first place is August (618 thousand), followed by July (594 thousand), June (425 thousand), September (403 thousand), May (249 thousand), October (201 thousand), April (163 thousand). The months with fewer passengers were those of January and February (50 thousand each).

Between Olbia and Malpensa 220 thousand passengers. Enac also reports the number of passengers on the main routes of Olbia airport. This is the ranking of the national ones: Olbia-Malpensa (221 thousand), Malpensa-Olbia (212 thousand), Olbia-Rome Fiumicino (155 thousand), Rome Fiumicino-Olbia (154 thousand), Milan Linate-Olbia (103 thousand), Olbia-Milan Linate (96 thousand), Verona-Olbia (54 thousand), Olbia-Verona (54 thousand).

Olbia-Munich, Olbia-London Gatwick and Olbia-Amsterdam are the most popular routes. This is the ranking of international routes (round trip): Olbia-Munich-Strauss (102 thousand), Olbia-London Gatwick (94 thousand), Olbia-Amsterdam Schiphol (92 thousand), Olbia-Paris Orly (77 thousand), Olbia-Düsseldorf (72 thousand), Olbia-Berlin Schoenefeld (66 thousand), Olbia-Frankfurt (61 thousand), Olbia-Barcelona El Prat.

Lack of software designers, welders and mechanics

Hard to find professions for businesses, the Excelsior directory


Italian companies (including, although to a lesser extent, Sardinian ones) have difficulty in finding numerous professional profiles, some of which are linked to the digital revolution (such as software designers) and others to the manufacturing world (welders and mechanical engineers). This is the map of unobtainable trades that draws the latest report by Excelsior Unioncamere and Aspal, entitled "Applications for professions and training of Italian companies in 2019".

According to the companies' replies, the share of professional figures that are difficult to find in the total number of recruitments was 26.4%, a percentage that drops to 20.9% for the South and the Islands. In first place among the figures for which there is the greatest demand are the intellectual, scientific and highly specialized Professions (38.2% at national level and 33.5% in the South), followed by the Technical Professions (37.6% and 35.2%) and the specialized Workers (37.2% and 26.5%).

In order to meet the needs of companies and - more specifically - of job seekers and students who are about to graduate, we report the list of professions that are difficult to find and in great demand according to Excelsior, which has analyzed those with at least 2000 entries into the production world scheduled for 2019:

Electrical welding specialists (71.9%) Programming engineers (64.3%) Software analysts and designers (64.2%) Language and other discipline teachers (62.6%) Flame welders and flame cutters (60.7%) Mechanical test engineers (60.3%) Mechanical technicians (57.6%) Mechanics and industrial thermal and hydraulic fitters (56, 3%) Industrial designers and similar professions (54.7%) Electrotechnical engineers (54.3%) Energy and mechanical engineers (53.9%) Application engineers (53.95) Machine tool and similar professions (53.5%) Real estate agents (53.35) Apparel packers, tailors, cutters and modellers (53%) Insurance agents (52.9%) White-collar agents Hand embroiderers and similar professions (51.5%) Specialists in public relations, image and similar (51.3%) General managers of companies in industry and public utilities (50.95) Trade representatives (50.3%) Weavers and knitters by hand and on manual frames (49.8%) Installers and repairers of electrical and electromechanical equipment (49, 1%) Electrotechnicians (49%) Manufacturing production technicians (48.8%) Automatic and semi-automatic machine tool workers (47.8%) Computer system designers and administrators (47.3%) Electronic technicians (47.2%) Upholsterers and materassai (47.2%) Procurement and purchasing managers (46.6%) Plumbers and plumbers of hydraulic and gas piping (46.5%).


Tourism, foreigners spend 1 billion in Sardinia

Bankitalia: Gallura considered the most international province, Germans at the first place


Foreign tourists registered 12 million 700 thousand presences in Sardinian hotels and spent 1 billion 120 million euros on the island.This is what the Bank of Italy reports in its latest report for 2019 and named "Survey on international tourism". The overnight stays are up 22.1% on those of 2018, which had been 10 million 400 thousand. Total expenditure is up 14.4%; in 2018 it amounted to 977 million euros.

It’s almost time for the reopening of international flights to Sardinia, scheduled for 25 June and Bankitalia's report therefore confirms the importance of  foreign tourist flows for Sardinia's economy.  As Cipnes Gallura, we represent part of a series of services based on tourism, we have come across several results and it has been confirmed that this is particularly true for the productive fabric of the Gallura region , the most international.


Other data - specifically those published a few days ago by Enac on 2019 - highlight the strong ability of the North East to attract foreign visitors. In Sardinia, the majority of    passengers at the airports (9 million in total) are of national origin: in Alghero, 70.9% out of 1 million 385 thousand passengers, in Cagliari, always 70.9% out of 4 million 760  thousand passengers. The airport of Olbia-Costa Smeralda - which supplies all of Gallura and part of the Nuoro area - marks the opposite trend: 52.7% of its 2 million 934 thousand passengers arrive from abroad.



 Enac's numbers also go into details of nationalities. For the Olbia airport, in first place are passengers from Germany (490 thousand), followed in second place by those from  France (284 thousand) and third by those from the United Kingdom (211 thousand); then come those from the Netherlands (92 thousand), Spain (75 thousand) and Austria (58 thousand). The number of non-EU European passengers (for 2019 the United Kingdom was not included in this list) was 227 thousand.


The influence of foreign tourism on Gallura is also clear from the data of the Sardinia Region. In the absence of those of 2019, which have not yet been published, we can refer to those of previous years. In 2018 arrivals from abroad in hotels and non-hotel facilities in Gallura were 59% of the total and foreign arrivals 57% against - respectively - 50% and 51.6% of the Sardinian average. The same percentages were recorded in 2017. The ranking of presences reflects the order of arrivals at the airport: in first place in Gallura we find the Germans (958 thousand), in second place the French (678 thousand) and in third place the British (324 thousand).

The Bank of Italy has calculated that on average British tourists spend 106 euros a day on their holidays in Italy, Germans 89 euros and French 88 euros; the top spenders are the Japanese (232 euros a day), the Chinese (151 euros) and the Russians (146 euros); the latter mostly spend  in Costa Smeralda.


Reopened all connections to Olbia

New decree of the Transport Minister, from 5 June increase the routes of aircraft and ships


From today, June 5, Olbia can be reached from all ports and airports in the rest of Italy. This was decided by the Minister of Transport, who has thus extended the connections, initially limited only to territorial continuity routes. International flights, on the other hand, will restart on 25 June. All passengers will have to register before arriving in Olbia, both by ship and by plane. Let us see what needs to be done.

Port of Olbia. The release will allow passengers to take ships departing from Civitavecchia, Genoa and also Livorno. In the week from 5th June to 11th June there are five daily connections (here the list).

Olbia Airport. The opening to traffic from all airports has not produced, at the moment, any news. The flights scheduled to and from Olbia - as stated on the airport website - are those of territorial continuity with Milan Malpensa and Rome Fiumicino, insured by Alitalia. June 15 marks, for the moment, the start of a new connection: easyJet's connection with Milan Malpensa.

Passenger registration. All those arriving in Sardinia, both by ship and plane, must register and answer a survey (state of health, contact with Covid-19 cases, origin, destination, length of stay in Sardinia). Until June 12, the form can be filled in on board aircraft and ships and delivered on arrival to the port and airport medical service (here the document to download).


Support for Sardinian companies, three useful ways to 2020

Loans and employment bonuses: the Cipnes' guide to incentives


Three measures to restart, as early as 2020, business investment and employment in Sardinia: loans to tourism companies, the employment bonus and the contribution for the start-up creation. The tools are made available by the Sardinia Region and Cipnes Gallura, with its Territorial Development Agency, helps entrepreneurs to build projects and submit applications. Let's see how.

Tourism loans

The loans from the Sardinia Region are destined for micro enterprises (less than 10 employees and less than 2 million turnover) and small enterprises (less than 50 employees and 10 million turnover) in tourism.

Objective: to guarantee the availability of financial liquidity and preserve the workforce of Sardinian companies. The loans are interest-free, with a repayment period of 72 months. No collateral and/or personal guarantees are provided. The admissible amount varies from a minimum of 30 thousand euros to a maximum of 70 thousand euros. Applications may be submitted until 31 July 2020.

Employment Bonus

The employment bonus of the Sardinia Region grants a contribution to Sardinian companies hiring under 35, unemployed and women over 35, with incentives from 1200 euros to 16,000 euros and coverage of one year. The measure is called "T.V.B. Occupational Bonus" and finances hiring from 1 October 2019 until 21 January 2022. The incentive can vary from a minimum of 1,200 euros to a maximum of 16,000 euros. If, on the other hand, the recipient of the recruitment is a disabled person, the amount of the incentive varies from a minimum of €1,800 to a maximum of €24,000.


The contribution of the Region of Sardinia for the start-up creation , of any economic sector, is 10 thousand euros. The measure is called "Insight - from the idea to the business model" and is aimed at individuals, organized in operational teams consisting of at least 2 persons, who are over 18 years of age and are resident in the Sardinia territory of at the time of submission of the application, and who do not hold a personal VAT number and/or shares in companies, associations and / or entities that carry out activities related / similar to the business idea that is intended to propose.

For further information, you can write to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or call 0789.597125.


Olbia again reachable by ship and plane

Free connections from the 3rd of June. Passengers must fill in a form


Since June 3, Olbia is again freely accessible both by ships and planes. A Minister of Transport decree and an order of the President of the Region’s order have unblocked departures and arrivals, introducing certain obligations for passengers. After the long months of the lockdown, this passage marks the resumption of full economic activity. Let us see in detail what can be done.


Port of Olbia. From 3 June - as the Port System Authority Mare di Sardegna informs - passengers can travel on the route between Olbia and Civitavecchia, operated by Tirrenia, and on the route between Olbia and Genoa, also operated by Tirrenia. These are maritime territorial continuity routes. Until June 12, however, there are limitations on passengers on the route between Olbia and Livorno, operated by Moby and Grimaldi.

Olbia Airport. On 3 June Olbia-Costa Smeralda airport was reopened to passenger traffic, after four months of closure first for runway works and then for lockdown. The guaranteed connections are those in territorial continuity between the Olbian airport and the airports of Rome Fiumicino and Milan Malpensa (Milan Linate airport is still closed). All routes are guaranteed by Alitalia. Flights to other Italian airports will resume from 13 June and from 25 June those to international airports (in the photo the first Alitalia aircraft departed today from the Costa Smeralda; shot by John Karraca).

Single fare. Until June 14, flights to and from Olbia in territorial continuity (Milan and Rome) will be with the single fare: the price of tickets will therefore be the same for residents of Sardinia and non-residents.

Obligations for passengers. From 3 June - as provided for by the order of the President of the Region of Sardinia of the 2 June 2020 - all passengers arriving in Sardinia, both by plane and by ship, must register before boarding, by filling in a form to be sent electronically to the Region of Sardinia (section "New Coronavirus" of the homepage or by downloading the app "Covid19 Regione Sardegna") with IOS and Android.

Derogations until June 12. However, until June 12, passengers can complete the registration form on board aircraft and ships and submit it, once they arrive, to the port and airport medical service. Passengers who already have authorisation to arrive in Sardinia on the basis of previous regional ordinances will not have to register.

Also from June 3, once arrived in Sardinia, all passengers must undergo the measurement of body temperature and must - in the registration form - also answer a survey. They will be asked for their state of health in the last 21 days and will have to indicate by what means they arrived in Sardinia (ship, plane) and where they will stay (home, hotel). The data will be kept by the Region of Sardinia, for monitoring purposes for Covid-19, for 14 days.


10 thousand euros to create start-ups

An help to Sardinian entrepreneurs. The Cipnes Gallura provides assistance


The "Sardinia Research", the regional agency for innovation and technological development of enterprises, has published an announcement to help Sardinian entrepreneurs to establish start ups. It is called "Insight - from the idea to the business model" and guarantees a financial contribution of 10 thousand euros.

Cipnes Gallura, with the division "Support for Enterprises and Territorial Development", provides assistance and support to entrepreneurs who have ideas with high potential to generate profitable, sustainable business and able to offer innovative solutions to new market needs.

Who can make the demand. Natural people, organized in operational teams made up of at least 2 people, who are over 18 years of age and resident in the territory of the Sardinia Region at the time of the application submission, and who do not hold a personal VAT number and/or shares in companies, associations and/or bodies that carry out activities connected to the business idea to be proposed, may apply for funding.

What can you do. Business ideas are eligible for funding - in any economic sector - with a high innovative content and business ideas that are aimed at creating and/or developing products and/or services that differ from those already present in the reference market. The public aid consists of a voucher in the form of reimbursement for the expenses materially incurred by the team of people for the execution of an activity plan aimed at identifying the best strategies for the development of the business idea and accompanying it in the next step towards a real business model.

What can be financed.Expenses incurred for the detection of the needs of the target "customers", market analysis, design of the value proposal and its differential characteristics with respect to the products and/or services on the market, technical feasibility of the solution designed and identified, prototyping of the proposal and market testing, and finally also for any paths of validation of the idea to be implemented within incubators/accelerators can be financed.

When to ask the question.The access and participation application must be completed, signed and sent exclusively via PEC to the address This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. by 12 noon on 20 December 2021, and must include the words "Application for access to opportunities - INSIGHT 2020".

For further information. For more details, please refer to the Sardegna Ricerche link on the announcement "Insight - From idea to business model".


10% of the sardinian population counts 22% of new contracts

These are the Gallura's numbers in the Aspal report about the decline in employment for Covid-19


These are the Gallura's numbers in the Aspal report about the decline in employment for Covid-19

It guaranteed 22% of new employment contracts signed in Sardinia in the first five months of 2019. It lost 27% of the employment gaps in Sardinia in the same period of 2020. These are the numbers of the former province of Gallura, which represents only 10% of the total Sardinian population. The analysis comes from the recruitment data published by Aspal, the regional employment agency. It is the confirmation of Gallura as a attracting  pole of employment from the rest of Sardinia both with its tourist district and with the other productive districts, starting with the Cipnes in Olbia.

Aspal's latest report on the effects of Covid-19 in Sardinia refers to the period from 19 February to 19 May. The new employment contracts were 34,800: more than 52,000 less than the same period in 2019 (-60%). Almost half of the jobs cancelled are in the hotel sector: 4500 contracts signed compared to 28 thousand in 2019. Over 23 thousand fewer jobs, with a percentage drop of 84%.

At a territorial level, Gallura has suffered the greatest decline. The Olbia Work Centre - which includes, besides Olbia, also the coastal municipalities of Santa Teresa, La Maddalena, Palau, Arzachena, Golfo Aranci, Loiri Porto San Paolo, San Teodoro, Budoni - has registered 4 thousand contracts against over 17 thousand in 2019. More than 13 thousand less, down 77%. The Tempio work center - which also has jurisdiction over the coastal municipalities of Badesi, Aglientu, Trinità d'Agultu - recorded 1000 fewer contracts than the 1800 last year (-2%).

Gallura, intended as a former province, has a population of over 161 thousand inhabitants: 9.8% of the total population of Sardinia, equal to 1 million 640 thousand (data as at 31 December 2018, the latest available). Against this, between 19 February and 19 May 2019 in Gallura was signed  22% of all new contracts in Sardinia, many of them for employees in the tourism sector and many of them for residents outside Gallura. A percentage to which is added, this year, the negative percentage of job losses: 27% of the total drop in Sardinia is in Gallura.


Brand new cars, -97% sales in Gallura and Sassari

In April, only 19 cars were purchased. The ranking of brands


One of the most affected economic sector by the Covid-19 epidemic is the automotive sector (car and motorcycle production, tyre production, dealerships).

According to the sceneries outlined by Cerved, leader in Italy in the balance analysis, companies in the sector could lose, between 2020 and 2021, from 32 to 86 billion in turnover. Just in Sardinia, the losses could be 164 million in the base case and 433 million in the worst case.

In these days the first numbers have arrived. In April 2020, in Italy there was a 97.5% drop in sales of brand new cars compared to the same month of 2019, as certified by the data released by the Ministry of Transport. The cars sold were just over 4 thousand compared to over 174 thousand a year earlier.

The same negative percentage was recorded in the province of Sassari, within which there are also data from Gallura. Last April, only 19 new cars were sold in this  province, compared to 762 in April 2019, 969 in April 2018 and 736 in April 2017.

Specifically, six Fiat brand cars were sold, two each for Citroën, Lancia, Renault and Opel, one each for Dacia, Kia, Mitsubishi, Peugeot, Tesla. In 2019 149 models of Renault, 87 of Fiat, 82 of Volkswagen, 55 of Ford, 53 of Citroën, 48 of Dacia were sold in the province of Sassari. In 2018 360 models of Renault, 91 of Fiat, 89 of Volkswagen, 71 of Ford and 46 of Citroën were sold.

Entrepreneurs in North Sardinia report that at the end of the year half the dealerships could be closed, as explained by Luca Confalonieri, President of the Metalmeccanici-Auto Section of Confindustria Centro Nord Sardegna (provinces of Sassari and Nuoro). The sector employs 300 direct and 400 indirect employees and the companies have a total turnover of 200 million euros.