The north-eastern region of Sardinia, which encompasses the entire historical region of Gallura, with its 26 municipalities offers many small and large peculiarities that enchant anyone who comes here for the first time and that have made this corner of Sardinia known throughout the world.
The crystal clear sea, with its unique and spectacular reflections is undoubtedly the most famous business card of this territory. The Costa Smeralda, the Maddalena Archipelago but also the Costa Paradiso, Santa Teresa Gallura, Budoni and San Teodoro are all pearls of a coastal environment characterized by imposing granite cliffs, enchanting coves, white sand beaches. The attentive visitor, however, will not fail to be amazed and enchanted by a still wild inland landscape, dominated by granite massifs and rocks to which the mistral wind, always present and a vital part of this microcosm, has attributed bizarre shapes. Among the ravines and thick woods of oaks, holm oaks, junipers, guardians of rare endemic essences and crossed by small streams of pure and clear water, it is not difficult to meet precious animals and birds, now rare everywhere. Elsewhere, green pastures dominate and the rural organization of the “stazzi”, the ancient farms typical of this area, which have marked for centuries, with the activities related to breeding and agriculture, the flow of life in these areas.
This land, inhabited by humans since prehistoric times, contains priceless archaeological treasures that are still undervalued. Dolmen, Domus de Janas, Tombs of the Giants and Nuraghi are present everywhere as well as traces of flourishing Roman and Punic settlements, while fortresses and castles and numerous churches bear witness to a turbulent but vital Middle Ages that saw the affirmation of the Giudicato of Gallura.
Today Gallura represents the area of Sardinia with the highest concentration of tourist accommodation facilities, many of which are internationally renowned. It has the first passenger port in the Mediterranean (Olbia) and a modern and functional airport (the Costa Smeralda of Olbia) first in Italy for private traffic. All the coastal municipalities now have equipped marinas that make these beaches, the preferred ones for pleasure boating lovers.
All this has led to a rapid development and modernization of infrastructure and towns, but has not diminished the importance of the traditional economy still linked to agricultural crops and livestock farming as well as the extraction and processing of granite, exported all over the world, and the collection and processing of cork, with which only in this area are created artefacts of the highest artistic value.
Together with the natural friendliness and the proverbial hospitality of the inhabitants, the ancient cultural and religious traditions, the refined enogastronomic delicacies (fresh pasta, sweets, honey, wines in primis) that give life to a superlative land and sea cuisine, and the precious creations of the local craftsmanship, remain.